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医学学术论文润色写作要简洁
- 2018-05-16 -

医学论文润色是学术性论文,我们在写作的时候也要注重简洁、效率性而不是像文学巨著一样细腻、长篇大论。


  下面是关于医学学术论文润色的一些基本原则:


  谨慎地使用词汇,不使用不必要的词语


  从读者的角度出发来写,不浪费读者任何时间


  尽量使用短句、陈述句,一个简单的原则是每句话不超过22个单词


  “英文句子简单而直接,则最清晰、有力、易于理解。”——Mimi Zeiger, Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers, 2d edition


  避免冗杂和重复


  勿在结果部分的数据中逐字重复以表格或图形呈现的结果


  例如:


  表1:Patients’ biographical data (age, sex, weight, and BMI) are given.


  结果:这些数据(age, sex, weight, and BMI)被再次提及时,仅仅写成“Patients’ biographical data are presented in Table 1.”就已经足够了。再例如写成“The two populations did not differ in these criteria.”也是可以的。


  医学学术论文润色勿在讨论部分逐字重复结果部分给出的结果


  例如:


  结果部分:“The median follow-up time from surgery was (33.3±14.0) months in the elderly group and (33.0±12.7) months in the nonelderly group (P=0.266).”


  讨论部分:相较于这样写:“We found that the median follow-up time from surgery was (33.3±14.0) months in the elderly group and (33.0±12.7) months in the nonelderly group (P=0.266).”可以更好地表述为:“We found that mean follow-up time from surgery was nearly identical (about 33 months) in the two study groups.”


  勿在讨论部分重复在引言部分中给出的背景信息


  引言部分:“Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality, with a five-year survival rate below 5%.”


  讨论部分:“Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality. Its five-year survival rate is below 5%.”讨论中应该删除这两个重复的句子。


  不必要的词,例如:


  “It is well known that diabetes affects millions of people.”


  如果是众所周知的事情就没有必要再加以说明。所以,这样写就足够了:“Diabetes affects millions of people”.


  “Similar results have been reported previously in the literature.”


  “Reported”指的就是过去,所以“reported previously”就是多余的. “In the literature”也是不必要的,因为这也是隐含的意思。可以更好地表述为: “Similar results have been reported (文献).”


  “It has been reported by others.” “By others”是不必要的。这样表述就足够了: “It has been reported (文献)”.


  “Upon review of the literature we found that diabetic neuropathy has been described often.” “Upon review or the literature” 是不必要的。可以更好地表述为: “Diabetic neuropathy has been described often (文献).”


  “When comparing x with y we found that x was bigger than y.


  “Comparing x with y”是不必要的。表述为“We found that x was bigger than y”就足够了.


  “There is” 和 “there are” 是较弱的表达。例如: “There are many investigators who disagree with this opinion.” 可以更好地表述为: “Many investigators disagree with this opinion.”


  尺寸、颜色和形状通常表述是多余的。例如:


  “Blue in color.” 使用“Blue” 就足够了。


  “Large in size.” 使用“Large” 就足够了。


  “Oval in shape.” 使用“Oval” 就足够了。


  “The lesion was successfully excised.” 一个病灶是无法切除失败的。这样表述是正确的:“The lesion was excised.”


  尽量使用动词而非名词。“The surgeons made the decision to operate.” 可以更好地表述为: “The surgeons decided to operate.”


  医学学术论文润色避免详尽地回顾文献和相关参考资料。原始的研究论文并非是回顾性的文章。限制文献的数目,只引用那些与现在研究相关的文献。